英国德克萨斯论文代写 偷猎

2020-07-17 17:35

在许多情况下,偷猎的最重要驱动力是当地人的贫困状态。正如纽约赫顿学院跨文化研究、生物学和地球科学助理教授Knapp的研究中所看到的那样,10个土著偷猎者中有9个以上声称,"如果他们的收入能够满足他们的需要",他们就会停止偷猎(Knapp)。正如Knapp在对贫困和教育进行进一步调查比较后得出的结论,受教育程度较高的土著人更有可能从偷猎以外的工作中获得收益:"完成中学学业的受访者中......有较大比例的人能够在有生之年找到工作"(Knapp)。然而,非洲教育的现状是毁灭性的,财政资源的减少迫使非洲在公共开支方面大大落后于其他发展中地区,"特别是在教育、教育设施的提供、平等的教育机会、足够的合格教师队伍以及足够数量的专业人员和技术工人方面"(Atteh);尽管如此,军事开支仍在继续增加。非洲教育设施和机会的缺乏迫使当地人陷入贫困状态,偷猎成为一种必然。贫困的个人 "专注于当前的生存,对未来没有任何有效的关注......[而且]贫困[成为]环境退化的原因和结果"(Murphree)。教育是促进经济增长的先决条件,这将为贫困的当地社区提供偷猎的替代方案,并改善环境状况。通过 "关注公园周边社区的重建,促进该地区的和平与经济稳定"(Biggs),促进反偷猎和保护濒危物种将成为当地社区的最大利益。
英国德克萨斯论文代写 偷猎
In many cases, the most significant driver of poaching is the natives’ state of destitution. As seen in research by Knapp, an Assistant Professor of Intercultural Studies, Biology and Earth Science at Houghton College in New York, more than 9 out of 10 native poachers claimed that they would discontinue poaching “if they had income that met their needs” (Knapp). As Knapp concludes from further investigations comparing poverty and education, natives with higher levels of education were more likely to acquire profit from employment other than poaching: “a greater percentage of respondents who completed secondary school… were able to secure employment over their lifetimes” (Knapp). However, the current state of African education is devastating, with diminishing financial resources forcing Africa to significantly struggle behind other developing regions in terms of public spending, “particularly on education, availability of educational facilities, equal access to education, adequate pools of qualified teachers, and sufficient numbers of professionals and skilled worker” (Atteh); despite this, military expenditure continues to increase. This lack of educational facilities and opportunities in Africa has forced natives to fall into a state of destitution, and poaching becomes a necessity. Impoverished individuals are “preoccupied with survival in the present where any effective concern for the future is missing… [and] poverty [becomes] both the cause and effect of environmental degradation” (Murphree). Education is a prerequisite in order to promote economic growth, which will provide alternatives to poaching for impoverished local communities and improve environmental situations. By “focus[ing] on rebuilding the communities surrounding the park, and promoting peace and economic stability in the region” (Biggs), it will become the best interest of local communities to promote anti-poaching and protect endangered species.
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